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易混淆的英语单词用法:Nobody, None, 和 No One的区别,简单英语单词记忆法

更新时间:2018-11-18 10:41:01点击次数:1697次字号:T|T
不定代词nobody 是一个词,no one是两个词,它们都有相同的含义:即没有任何人= no person/not anyone。

代词none意味着没有人,任何一个人/一件事物都没有= nobody, not one, not any。

关于这些英语单词的用法有一种常见的误解,认为none只能是单数,但其实并不是。当none是从句的主语并指一个团的成员时,none的后可以接单数动词is,即none is,或者接复数动词are,即 none are,意思都为“都不是”。

当none指一个整体/一个整体中是任意一个时,助动词用单数,即none is,如 "None of it is mine."

易混淆的英语单词用法:Nobody, None, 和 No One的区别 - 中加雅思•留学(sino-ielts.com)




Nobody, None, 和 No One英语单词用法例句


例1:"The reality is that no one is too old, too smart, or too successful to learn something new." (现实是,没有人因为太老、太聪明或太成功而不去学新的东西。)  - 来源:John C. Maxwell, Winning With People, 2007

例2:"I am not altogether on anybody's side, because nobody is altogether on my side, if you understand me: nobody cares for the woods as I care for them, not even Elves nowadays." (我没有站队,因为如果你了解我,没有人会支持我:没有人会像我一样去关心树林,就连精灵也不关心了。)- 来源:Treebeard in The Two Towers by J.R.R. Tolkien

例3:"Early apples begin to be ripe about the first of August; but I think none of them are so good to eat as some to smell." (早期的苹果在8月1日左右开始成熟;但我认为还没有一个苹果能像闻起来那样好吃)- 来源: Henry David Thoreau, "Wild Apples," 1862
 
例4:"On the fourth day of the fifth month they've all arrived at the Place of the Sacrifice. None of them is ever late." (在第五个月的第四天他们都来到了祭祀的地方。他们从来都没迟到过。) - 来源: Ursula K. Le Guin, The Other Wind, 2012

例5:"[P]erhaps none of the guests has a song in his heart, because it's a farewell dinner held on the eve of a cross-country move."(在座的客人很可能心里都没有一首歌,因为这是搬家前夕的告别晚宴。) - 来源:Edith Hazard, Singing for Your Supper, 1996

例6:"Thankfully, none of the guests have actually laid eyes on a dead chicken." (值得庆幸的是,没有一个客人盯着死鸡不放)- 来源:Laura Resau, The Jade Notebook, 2012




Nobody, None, 和 No One英语单词用法说明


(i)“当none = not one时,使用单数,如'None of the newspapers has appeared this week.'


(II)“当none = no one, no person, nobody 时,使用单数是正确的,但像(ⅰ)的情况也不会被视为语法错误; 在(i)和(ii)的情况下用只能说是不恰当的用法,但并不妨碍交流。


(ⅲ)“当none = no persons,动词使用复数,如在 'None have been so greedy of employments . . . as they who have least deserved their stations' ——引用Eric Partridge, Usage and Abusage: A Guide to Good English, rev. by Janet Whitcut, 1994. W.W. Norton, 1995




Nobody, None, 和 No One英语单词用法习题


(a)"Bears and wolves are numerous in the upper parts of the coast, but there were _____ in our immediate neighborhood." – 来源:Richard Henry Dana, Two Years Before the Mast

(b)"In this wax image there was _____ of her patience, _____ of her understanding and sympathy, _____ of her kindness, _____ of her dignity. "  - 来源:Wallace Stegner, The Big Rock Candy Mountain

(c) _____ is responding to the needs of the public.


答案
None
None,none,none,none
Nobody [or No one]
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