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易混淆的英语单词用法:Precedence, Precedents, 和 Presidents的区别,简单英语单词记忆法

更新时间:2018-12-30 10:49:01点击次数:476次字号:T|T

Precedence, Precedents, 和 Presidents都是名词,可以说是同音词:折几个英语单词读音差不多,但每个单词的用法却不一样。 

英语单词用法:Precedence, Precedents, 和 Presidents的区别 - 中加雅思•留学(sino-ielts.com)




Precedence, Precedents, 和 Presidents英语单词的定义和发音


Precedence,名词,表示优先级,事先发生的事实,或者等级、顺序。


Precedents,名词,是precedent的复数,意思是之前说过的事、做过的事可以作为模型或示例,即先例。

Precedence 和Precedents这两个英语单词在第二个音节都有一个s音,可以很清楚地跟Presidents区分开来,因为Presidents的第二个音节为z。Presidents是President的复数形式:指政府或组织中占据最高位置的人。




Precedence, Precedents, 和 Presidents 英语单词用法例句


例1:"In an age when amassing 'likes' often takes precedence over reflecting on what is true and what is not, we need to keep in mind how others' lives are affected by the tales we tell." (在一个将集'赞'看得比内容是否真的很赞的时代,我们需要记住别人的生活是如何被我们的话所影响的。) - 来源:Jennifer Hubert Swan, Review of The Borden Murders by Sarah Miller. The New York Times, February 12, 2016

例2:"A good deal of the social hierarchy in England was made explicit in the order of precedence, a more or less official ranking of honors, ranks, lineage, and occupational statuses in the kingdom." (在英格兰,很多社会等级制度都或多或少地根据国家荣誉、等级、血统和职业状态进行了官方排序和明确规定) - 来源:Daniel Pool, What Jane Austen Ate and Charles Dickens Knew: From Fox Hunting to Whist--the Facts of Daily Life in 19th-Century England. Touchstone, 1993

例3:"In his speech the chairman said that, with the exception of Japan, there were no precedents to fall back on when considering the current recession."(董事长在致辞中表示,除日本外, 目前的经济衰退无先例可以循。) - 来源:Richard C. Koo, The Escape From Balance Sheet Recession and the QE Trap. Wiley, 2014

例4:"Microsoft has argued that it cannot turn over user e-mails to the government because the user owns those e-mails. Yet a long series of court precedents going back more than 40 years say that even custodians of a third party’s records—both physical and electronic—must hand those records over to federal investigators serving a valid warrant." (微软认为不能将用户电子邮件转交给政府,因为用户是电子邮件的拥有者。然而40多年中的一系列法院判例表明,即使是第三方记录的监护人 – 不论是实体当然还是电子记录 – 都必须将这些记录交给联邦调查员。) - 来源:Adam Segal, "Does a U.S. Warrant Apply to Data Stored on a Foreign Server?" Newsweek, August 29, 2015

例5:"There has been some precedence for presidents' seeking a constitutional amendment for education. Both Thomas Jefferson and Ulysses Grant sought constitutional amendments for a national system of education, and, in recent times, Ronald Reagan sought a constitutional amendment to restore school prayer to the schools." (总统修改教育宪法已有一些先例。之前托马斯•杰斐逊和尤利塞斯•格兰特修改了国家教育制度宪法;在近代,里根恢复了学校祈祷的相关宪法。) - 来源:Maurice R. Berube, American Presidents and Education. Greenwood, 1991


Precedence, Precedents, 和 Presidents 英语单词用法习题


(a) In ancient societies, a sage took _____ over a king.


(b) President George Washington set important _____ for the executive branch of government.


(c) My relationships with my children always take _____ over work.



答案
Precedence
Precedents
precedence 
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